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Iran and Gulf nations prepare for war. Sudden reshuffle in Iran's top army, naval commands Nov 6, 2017 @ 22:07 Adel al-Jubair, Iran, Saudi Arabia, UAE, war, Yemen

Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al Jubeir on Monday, Nov. 6 accused Iran of an "act of war" in reference to the Iranian-backed Yemeni Houthi missile attack on Riyadh airport Saturday.

On Sunday, Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei secretly ordered a significant reshuffle in the high commands of the Iranian army and navy. Brig. Gen. Mohammad Hossein Dadras was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff, with orders to boost the intelligence and operational preparedness of the Army. He came from the post of commander of ground forces. In a separate notice, Khamenei promoted Rear Admiral Hossein Khanzadi to commander of the Navy, replacing Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari, who was elevated to Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army for operational coordination. DEBKAfile's military sources add: Sayari spent the last ten years developing the combat doctrine practiced by the Iranian Navy and Revolutionary Guards in the Gulf, which hinges on special forces, especially marines, for naval and ground warfare. He was responsible for the tactics and harassment that Iranian forces directed at US warships and warplanes operating in the Gulf. Sayari hands these functions over to Rear Admiral Khanzadi, while himself joining the Army's General Staff as head of operations of Iran's armed forces.

Khamenei emphasized that all these appointments were approved by the chief of staff, Maj.-Gen Abdolrahim Mousavi. This major reshuffle occurs at a time of high tension between Saudi Arabia and the UAE, on the one hand, and Iran, on the other. This week it rose to eve-of-war pitch. Saud Foreign Minister Adel Jubeir accused Iran of orchestrating an "act of war" and asserted that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had the right to defend itself. He went on to say: "The Iranians can't interfere in the affairs of countries in the region and expect to get a free pass. There is no doubt that missiles and suicide boats are coming from Iran to the Al Houthis.

"We want to avoid war [with Iran] at all costs," he said, but Iran continues to violate "every international law and every international norm." Iran is waging a war through its regional proxies, Hezbollah in Lebanon and Al Houthis in Yemen, Jubair said, adding, "we must say enough is enough" to Iran.

The coming DEBKA Weekly out on Friday, Nov. 11, sheds light, with insights, on the mostly secret preparations underway in Iran, the Gulf Emirates and other parts of the region in the expectation of a flare-up of armed hostilities, that may infect other parts of the Middle East. If you are not already a subscriber, don't miss DEBKA Weekly Issue 777. Click here.



Report: Israel aligns with Saudis against Iran in Lebanon

Foreign Ministry instructs all Israeli embassies to appeal to host governments after Lebanese PM resigns, calls for support for Saudi Arabia Contact Editor
Gary Willig, 06/11/17 21:15
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Sa'ad Al-Hariri
Sa'ad Al-HaririReuters

Following the resignation of Lebanese Prime Minister Sa'ad Al-Hariri, Israel is embarking on an exceptional international struggle against Hezbollah's participation in Lebanon's internal politics, Channel 10 reported.

According to Channel 10, following Hariri's resignation, Israel's Foreign Ministry sent a message to all of Israel's embassies around the world, instructing them to appeal to the highest political echelons in their host countries, asking that the nations of the world oppose the interference in Lebanon's internal politics by the Hezbollah terrorist organization. The directive is unusual as it involves the internal politics of another country.

The Foreign Ministry's directive read: "You are requested to urgently contact the Foreign Ministry and other relevant government officials and emphasize that the resignation of Al-Hariri and his comments on the reasons that led him to resign illustrate once again the destructive nature of Iran and Hezbollah and the danger they pose o the stability of Lebanon and the countries of the region."

The request continued: "Al-Hariri's resignation proves that the international argument that Hezbollah's inclusion in the government is a recipe for stability is fundamentally flawed. This artificial unity creates paralysis and the inability of local sovereign powers to make decisions that serve their national interest. It effectively turns them into hostages who are under physical threat and are forced to promote the interests of a foreign power - Iran - even if this may endanger the security of their country."

The Foreign Ministry also asked Israel's ambassadors to convey an unusual message of support for Saudi Arabia in light of the war it is engaged in against Iranian proxies in Yemen. "The events in Lebanon and the launching of a ballistic missile at the international airport in Riyadh show that increased pressure is required on Iran and Hezbollah on a range of issues from the production of ballistic missiles to regional subversion,"



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Lebanon, Iran











Kiryas Yoel may become first haredi city in United States

Vote tomorrow on whether city of Monroe will be divided into two, one part to become the first US haredi city. Contact Editor
Mordechai Sones, 06/11/17 22:55
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Satmar Rebbe
Satmar RebbeYaakov Naumi/Flash90

Kikar Hashabbat reports that a major referendum will be held tomorrow in Monroe, Monroe Township. The city is home to the largest concentration of Satmar hasidim in New York, with thousands of residents voting on whether to approve a split into two separate cities - Monroe and New Palm City

,If the split is approved, New Palm City, also called Palm Tree Town, or "Tamar Teitelbaum", will include the Satmar-populated Kiryas Yoel plus 3,200 dunams of Monroe.

The Satmar Rebbe and community heads have been asking for some time to initiate a move that will make Kiryas Yoel, which is now a central part of Monroe, into a separate city with full and separate municipal control. Kiryat, or Kiryas in the European Ashkenazi pronunciation, means a city.

Up until now, the heads of the haredi community in Kiryas Yoel have been granted authority mainly in the granting of building permits, sanitary and municipal services and similar issues. If Kiryas Yoel becomes a separate city, all municipal services will be controlled by the community - including policing and firefighting services.

According to activists, approval of the split will allow construction of thousands of new apartments and may also bring calm to the non-Jewish neighbors, who are currently opposed to the expansion of Kiryas Yoel.

While the followers of the older brother, the Head of the Satmar rabbinical council, support the split, the followers of the younger brother, the Satmar Rebbe, a relative minority in the city, are opposed to splitting and are expected to vote against its approval.





Calcalist Launches English-Language Site Dedicated to Israeli Tech News

CTech will offer comprehensive coverage of Israel's startup scene, and of Israeli-linked companies traded on stock exchanges in the U.S., Europe, and Asia
Calcalist       09:3606.11.17
Israel's leading financial newspaper Calcalist is launching an English-language news site dedicated to Israeli tech. Calcalistech.com, or CTech, will be an online gateway to Israeli tech, providing international readers with real-time, high-impact stories from the country's vibrant innovation hub.



First published in 2008, Calcalist is the most widely circulated financial newspaper in Israel, according to a July report by London-headquartered Kantar Media Intelligences Inc., a WPP market research division. A screenshot of CTech's homepage A screenshot of CTech's homepage

Alongside reports about some of the world's biggest tech companies, CTech will offer comprehensive coverage of Israel's startup scene, and of Israeli-linked companies traded on stock exchanges in the U.S., Europe, and Asia.



Readers in New York, Silicon Valley, Europe, India, China, Australia, and other countries expressed interest in the newspaper's exclusive content. In response to the demand, Calcalist has held tech conferences in San Francisco, New York, and London.



"By launching CTech, Calcalist takes its leading coverage of Israeli tech one step further," said Calcalist's founder and publisher Yoel Esteron. "No other publication supplies readers interested in this hotbed of innovative technologies with the width and depth of coverage offered by Calcalist. The newspaper embraces the local tech community as a growth engine for Israel's economy, and from now on will also be accessible to international audiences."



Former Wall Street Journal tech reporter Orr Hirschauge was appointed as CTech's editor-in-chief in July. Hirschauge now leads a team of international journalists, complementing Calcalist's existing talent.



"Before the site's official launch, CTech has already signed partnerships with Israeli and non-Israeli entities," said Steve Shumacher, Calcalist's CEO. "Like us, our partners know that CTech is the perfect platform to answer the strong market demand for high-quality news about the Israeli tech scene. Like us, our partners realize the business potential of the new platform."



A CTech app is available on the iOS and Android app stores, and news updates are also available through a newsletter and social media platforms including Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. One Comment

1.
Hallelujah (NC)
David H.,(06.11.17)

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Shahar Tzafrir










Dinosaurs partially responsible for mammalian sleep patterns, scientists find

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Israeli geologists find unprecedented 85 million-year-old reptile remains

By Judy Siegel-Itzkovich
November 6, 2017 18:20
A TAU doctoral student found that mammals started being active in the daytime after non-avian (non bird-like) dinosaurs were wiped out. 3 minute read.



A life-size dinosaur is seen at Jurassic Kingdom in London

A life-size dinosaur is seen at Jurassic Kingdom in London. (photo credit:TOBY MELVILLE/REUTERS)

The extinction of the dinosaurs around 66 million years ago gradually caused mammals to change from a nocturnal (night) to a diurnal (day) schedule, according to new research published by Tel Aviv University (TAU) and University College London (UCL) scientists.

The change did not happen quickly, but involved an intermediate stage of mixed day-and-night activity over millions of years, according to the study, which has just been published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.

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Mammals started being active in the daytime after non-avian (non bird-like) dinosaurs were wiped out, explained the lead author and TAU doctoral student Roi Maor.

Scientists have long thought that the common ancestor to all mammals was active only at night, but the new discovery reveals when mammals started being active and awake in daylight for the first time. It also provides insight into which species changed their behavior first.

The 33-page study analyzed data from 2,415 different species of mammals that are alive today. The scientists used computer algorithms to reconstruct the likely activity patterns of their ancient ancestors who lived millions of years ago.

Two different mammalian family trees portraying alternative timelines for the evolution of mammals were used in the analysis. The results from both show that mammals switched to daytime activity shortly after the dinosaurs had disappeared. The intermediate stage of mixed day and night activity over millions of years coincided with the events that eliminated the dinosaurs.

"We were very surprised to find such close correlation between the disappearance of dinosaurs and the beginning of diurnal activity in mammals, but we unanimously found the same result using several alternative analyses," explained Maor, who is also at UCL.

The team found that the ancestors of simian primates – gorillas, gibbons and tamarins – were among the first to completely forgo nocturnal activity. But the two evolutionary timelines varied. This discovery fits well with the fact that simian primates are the only mammals that have evolved adaptations to seeing well in daylight. The visual acuity and color perception of simians is comparable to those of diurnal reptiles and birds – groups that never left the daytime niche.

"It's very difficult to relate behavior changes in mammals that lived so long ago to ecological conditions at the time, so we can't say that the dinosaurs dying out caused mammals to start being active in the daytime. However, we see a clear correlation in our findings," added co-author, UCL genetics, evolution and environment Prof. Kate Jones.

"We analyzed a lot of data on the behavior and ancestry of living animals because the fossil record from that era is very limited and since behavior as a trait is very hard to infer from fossils," explained another co-author, Prof. Tamar Dayan (chairman of TAU's Steinhardt Museum of Natural History). "You have to observe a living mammal to see if it is active at night or in the day. Fossil evidence from mammals often suggest that they were nocturnal even if they were not. Many subsequent adaptations that allow us to live in daylight are in our soft tissues."

Scientists have been asking for years how mammals had survived in an age when dinosaurs dominated the world -- for 150 million years, continued Dayan.

"The mammals were small and not diverse at the time, and inferior in any competition against the dinosaurs. One hypothesis is that the early mammals adapted themselves to nighttime activity, while the dinosaurs, like reptiles in need of solar radiation to warm up and live, were day laborers. Thus the mammals could exist in the same geographical area as the dinosaurs, yet in an entirely different ecological niche -- the night environment. This hypothesis is based, among other things, on the fact that to this day, most mammals except for monkeys are still active at night. In fact, primates -- which include humans -- are the only mammals whose sense of sight is clearly adapted to daylight."

The team says further research is needed to better populate the mammalian family tree to give more accurate information on when the behavior of species changed from nighttime to daytime activity.


Tags:
tel aviv university science dinosaur mammals

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