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>JN Dec. 27, 2002, Vol. 10. No. 226
Israel Won't Vaccinate Entire Population
Despite the threat of an Iraqi attack with biological weapons, Israel has decided not
to vaccinate the public against smallpox.
Israel had considered vaccinating the entire population of 6.6 million people ahead of
an expected US attack on Iraq. But after consultations with both Israeli and American
security officials, the Health Ministry concluded that Iraq probably does not have the
smallpox virus or the capability to use it in an attack on Israel. Still, Israel has
vaccine for the entire population-just in case.
Seven Palestinians Killed in Thursday Violence
By VOA News
At least seven Palestinians are dead after a series of clashes Thursday between Israeli
troops and Palestinian militants. Israeli soldiers conducting raids in the West Bank
killed five people, one of them an unarmed teenager.
The dead also included a senior Islamic Jihad leader, Hamza Abu Roub, who exchanged
shots with Israeli troops who had surrounded his home in the town of Qabatiya. The gun
battle wounded four Israeli soldiers. Islamic Jihad has vowed revenge for the killing. In
the Gaza Strip, the Israeli military said troops shot and killed two Palestinians as they
were trying to infiltrate the Jewish settlement of Netzarim.
Thursday's violence broke a brief lull in the days leading up to Christmas. The Israeli
army pulled its troops out of the center of Bethlehem, allowing traditional Christmas
ceremonies to proceed. But troops re-occupied the city center Thursday, firing tear gas to
force people indoors ahead of declaring a curfew. The Israeli military says the curfew was
imposed for security reasons. Israel re-occupied Bethlehem in November after a Palestinian
from the town blew himself up on a Jerusalem bus in a suicide bombing that killed 11
Israel has occupied most West Bank cities since a string of Palestinian attacks in
June. In another development, the Israeli army has begun establishing buffer zones around
Jewish settlements in the West Bank, in an effort to keep out Palestinian militants.
FDR: 'Move the Arabs Out of Palestine'
By Robert Rockaway (with permission)
In December 1942, a week after the U.S. State Department confirmed that the Nazis had
embarked on a plan to exterminate the Jews of Europe; President Franklin Roosevelt met
with his Treasury Secretary Hans Morgenthau. After discussing the nation's monetary
situation, the president surprised Morgenthau by saying he had a plan that would lead to
the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine. That evening Morgenthau recorded this
conversation in his diary. The entry is dated Dec. 3, 1942.
Morgenthau and Roosevelt were long-time New York neighbors and friends, and when
Roosevelt entered the White House, he appointed Morgenthau as his Secretary of the
Treasury. Morgenthau held this post from 1933 to Roosevelt's death in 1945. Morgenthau and
Roosevelt met on a regular basis and Morgenthau kept a record of these meetings in his
"I actually would put a barbed wire around Palestine, and I would begin to move the
Arabs out of Palestine.... Each time we move out an Arab we would bring in another Jewish
family." - Roosevelt, as quoted by Morgenthau
Morgenthau wrote that after discussing financial matters, Roosevelt broached the
subject of Palestine. Roosevelt said the he had pretty well made up his mind on what he
was going to do. "What I think I will do is this. First, I would call Palestine a
religious country. Then I would leave Jerusalem the way it is and have it run by the
Orthodox Greek Catholic Church, the Protestants, and the Jews -- have a joint committee to
run it. They are doing it all right now and we might as well leave it that way."
Then the president went on and said, "I actually would put a barbed wire around
Palestine, and I would begin to move the Arabs out of Palestine." Morgenthau asked
Roosevelt how he would do that, saying, "Would you have the Jews buy up the land?"
Roosevelt answered, "No, but I would provide land for the Arabs in some other part of
the Middle East, and I know there are plenty of places. Each time we move out an Arab we
would bring in another Jewish family." Morgenthau asked Roosevelt, "Would you propose that
the majority should be Jews in Palestine?"
Roosevelt said, "Yes, 90% of them should be Jews, but I don't want to bring in more
than they can economically support." Morgenthau asked, "Well, what kind of place would it
Roosevelt said, "It would be an independent nation just like any other nation --
completely independent. Naturally, if there are 90% Jews, the Jews would dominate the
government." He added, "There are lots of places to which you could move the Arabs. All
you have to do is drill a well because there is this large underground water supply, and
we can move the Arabs to places where they can really live."
Morgenthau ended this entry by writing, "I was surprised to find that the President was
studying this thing with so much interest and had gone as far as he had in making up his
mind on what he wants to do. It was most encouraging to me and most heartening."
Purdue Professor Tells How His Family Fooled Nazis, Escaped
Purdue University News Service
Unlike many Jewish families who hid in attics or cellars to save themselves during
World War II, a Purdue University professor and his family masqueraded as Polish
aristocrats right in front of the Nazis.
Robert Melson, professor of political science in the School of Liberal Arts, captures
his family's escape from the Nazis during World War II in his latest book, "False Papers:
Deception and Survival in the Holocaust."
"Instead of a hiding place, my family hid behind false documents - a false identity,"
said Melson, a Holocaust and genocide scholar. "By sheer chutzpah and bravado, my mother
was able to acquire the identity papers of the Zamojskis, a Polish family of noble
lineage, by assuming the role of the countess and posing for her family's 'lost' papers.
We were seen, but not noticed, by the Nazis."
Melson was only 4 years old when his family changed their names and identities in an
attempt to survive the Holocaust. Melson, born as Sylvio Mendelsohn, became Count Boguslaw
(Bobi) Marian Zamojski. His parents, Willy and Nacia, of Warsaw, became Countess Nina and
Count Jan. (The real Count Jan Zamojski died this summer). The family's charade also
preserved the lives of Melson's uncle and three Jewish women.
The family lived in Kraków, the capital of German-occupied Poland, among other
high-ranking Nazis. They lived knowing that even though their immediate family survived,
grandparents and other relatives never made it out of the Warsaw ghetto.
The family's success in outsmarting the Nazis is attributed not only to Melson's mother
obtaining the false papers, but also to the family's non-Jewish looks and ability to play
the part of Aryans well. Melson had golden curls and blue eyes, and both of his parents
spoke without a Yiddish accent. "Still, my parents worried that someone from their past
could see them, or one of us would say the wrong thing to give away our true lineage,"
The story is based on 17 hours of taped interviews with Melson's parents in July 1978.
He interviewed them separately to acquire each parent's individual perspective. "There
were times during the interviews that we were overcome with grief, but the truth is we
always felt a measure of pride in our survival," Melson said. "After all, we had eluded
and outwitted Adolf Hitler's Nazi killers."
Melson and his parents narrate the book by alternating chapters. At the end of each
chapter, Melson shares his childhood memories. As the book progresses and Melson gets
older, his childhood memoir gets longer and more detailed..
The book not only chronicles the heroics of Melson's parents, but it also talks about
their lives, and at times, their unorthodox behavior that kept their family alive. His
mother's way with men, good looks and acting talents were great assets to the family.
"Before the war, my mother was a singer and actress," Melson said. "She couldn't know
before the war that her greatest role would be that of a Polish countess, a part she would
have to play day and night for nearly four years."
Melson's father even impersonated a German official to scare people into doing business
with him to make money for the family to live the life of nobility. The book also
documents Melson's parents' struggles after the war to return to real identities and
immigrate to America.
"False Papers" ($26.95) was published in 2000 by University of Illinois Press ((217)
333-0950.) Melson also is the author of the award-winning "Revolution and Genocide: On the
Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust."
(All material on these web pages is © 2001-2012
by Electronic World Communications, Inc.)