Newsletter : 0fax0905.txt
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>JN Sept. 5, 2000, Vol. 8, No. 152
Iran Postpones Sentencing of Jewish 'Spies'
An Iranian court in Shiraz on Sunday announced a postponement in
the sentencing of Iranian Jews found guilty of spying for the
governments of the United States and Israel. The court indicated
the sentencing was being postponed until month's end.
Palestinians Sentence Terrorist to 12 Years
By Shoshana London Sappir (VOA-Jerusalem)
A Palestinian security court passed a 12-year prison sentence on a
Hamas militant who was the target of a bloody shoot-out with
Israeli troops last week.
Palestinian militant Mahmoud Abu Hanoud was hailed as a hero by
supporters of the Muslim Hamas movement when he escaped with light
wounds from an Israeli commando raid last week. In the botched
attempt to capture the man, Israel considered its most wanted West
Bank Palestinian activist, three Israeli soldiers were apparently
killed by "friendly fire" while the militant Abu Hanoud got away.
But members of his own people's security forces caught him and on
Friday he was convicted for acting against Palestinian security.
Palestinian general prosecutor Khaled al-Kidra said Abu Hanoud was
sentenced to 12 years in prison for belonging to an armed group,
possessing weapons and forming a movement that tried to replace
Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat's self-rule Palestinian Authority.
Israel accuses Abu Hanoud of masterminding suicide bombings in
Jerusalem that killed and wounded dozens of Israelis. After the
failed attempt to capture him a week ago, some Israelis called on
the government to demand Abu Hanoud's extradition from the
Palestinian authorities. The sudden security court trial and
prison sentence will make such an extradition impossible.
Wash. Post: Patriots May be Sent to Israel
By Meredith Buel (VOA-Jerusalem)
The United States reportedly has put on alert a Patriot
anti-missile battery for possible deployment in Israel to protect
against potential attacks from Iraq. However, Prime Minister Ehud
Barak says he is not immediately concerned about such a threat.
Barak says Israel is ready for any development, but says he is not
sure there is reason for concern about the possibility of a missile
attack from Iraq.
Barak was responding to a report in the Washington Post newspaper,
saying US defense officials have alerted a Patriot anti-missile
battery for possible deployment to Israel because of concern of an
The report says US and Israeli officials are concerned Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein may try to act against Israel during the
current American presidential campaign, in the false belief that
US policymakers are distracted by the election.
Washington sent Patriot missiles to Israel for the first time
during the 1991 Gulf War, but they failed to intercept most of the
39 Iraqi Scud missiles fired at Israel, many of which damaged
neighborhoods in and around Tel Aviv.
Patriots are guided supersonic surface-to-air weapons designed to
intercept enemy missiles and aircraft with explosive warheads.
In partnership with the United States, Israel is developing a more
advanced anti-missile system, called the Arrow. The Arrow is
designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles miles above
the earth's surface, far from their targets.
'Good Pope' and Anti-Semitic Pope are Beatified
By Sabina Castelfranco (VOA-Rome)
Two Catholic popes have been moved toward sainthood in a ceremony
in Saint Peter's Square. But the beatification ceremony was
controversial. John XXIII and Pius IX were very different popes,
the first a much-loved reformer, the latter a reviled arch-
Pope John XXIII served from 1958 to 1963. Pope Pius IX reigned
longer than any other pope, from 1846 to 1878.
John XXIII was widely loved for his kindness and his moves to
liberalize the church. He was known as "the good pope." The
thousands of pilgrims crowded in the square cheered loudly when his
name was mentioned.
.By contrast, there was only faint applause when Pope John Paul
spoke of Pius IX, considered ultra-conservative and anti-Semitic.
On the controversial pontificate of Pius IX, Pope John Paul said
the Church does not celebrate specific historical choices made by
its sons, but points to them as examples to be imitated and
venerated for their virtues.
The pope said Pius IX's long pontificate was not easy and he
suffered in the fulfillment of his mission in the service of the
Gospel. The pope added that Pius IX was loved very much, but also
hated and slandered. He was responsible for declaring that papal
teachings are infallible.
He is accused of being anti-Semitic. Jewish groups say Pius IX
supported the seizure of a six-year-old Jewish boy, Edgardo
Mortara, who was forced to be raised as a Catholic.
His great-grand-niece Elena Mortara said she was shocked that Pius
IX was to be beatified after what he did to the boy.
"The child was separated from his parents in order to be raised
away from his family in a Catholic environment. He was never given
back. There was an international scandal, but he was never given
She said Pius IX also referred to Jews as "dogs" and was
responsible, before the abolition of the Papal States in 1870, for
confining them to the last of Europe's Jewish ghettoes in Rome.
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