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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                       April 17, 1996 V4, #69
All the News the Big Guys Missed

Congress Remembers the Holocaust

By Paula Wolfson (VOA-Congress)

These are Days of Remembrance in the United States -- a time set aside to remember the Nazi Holocaust and its lessons for mankind. At the US capitol, lawmakers and jurists joined survivors of the death camps in a tribute to those who died and those who sought justice in the aftermath of World War 2. There was silence in the Great Hall of the US Capitol. And then the quiet in the rotunda was pierced by the painful tones of a mourner's chant.

"Remember those who have died," went the prayer. Yes, nodded Benjamin Meed, a holocaust survivor. "For many years at hundreds of commemorations around the world, we have pleaded "zachor" -- remember. Remember the children. Remember Teresienstadt. Remember the fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto. Remember the poets of Vilna. Remember all our lost loved ones."

But this was also a moment for remembering the killers. This particular Holocaust memorial ceremony focused on the international tribunals established to bring the perpetrators of the Holocaust to justice. They were called the Nuremberg Trial, and they left an incredible impression Christopher Dodd on one small boy who grew up to become a US senator.

Thomas Dodd returned home with stories of places called Auschwitz and Dachau, and he taught the lessons of Nuremberg to his children. "I knew far more about the events of the Holocaust than most people of my generation, because my father wanted his children to learn and to never forget."

The Democratic senator from Connecticut recalled the victims of the Holocaust -- those whose fate was sealed by a split-second decision at a death camp gate. He said at Nuremberg, the Allies recognized the true antidote to the savagery of the Nazis was justice.

IDF Bombs Palestinian Refugee Camp

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian refugee camp Tuesday in southern Lebanon, and continued attacks on southern Lebanese villages and parts of Beirut, leaving several people dead or wounded. The Israeli air strikes are aimed at ending rocket attacks on Israel by Hizbullah terrorists.

At the refugee camp south of Beirut, Israeli helicopter gunships fired missiles into the home of a Palestinian faction leader allied with Hizbullah, injuring several people including his young son. But the targeted man was reported not to have been at home.

Israeli aircraft also attacked an alleged Hizbullah headquarters in a Beirut suburb, where several local residents were killed and wounded. There were also more raids on southern Lebanon villages where the Hizbullah terrorists operate.

Also Tuesday, Hizbullah launched more volleys of Katyusha rockets into northern Israel. There were some minor injuries and damage. Israel said it will respond to every such attack with more strikes inside Lebanon.

Foreign Ministry Director General Uri Savir, says Israel's goal is a long-term understanding which will end the attacks on its northern towns -- an accord stronger than one reached three-years ago which Israel says Hizbullah violated, resulting in the Israeli offensive.

Savir says Israel also wants Lebanon and Syria to understand they cannot negotiate peace with Israel while allowing Hizbullah to attack. He says such a policy will not pressure Israel into making concessions, as the Arab states might hope, but instead could end the peace process.

What Does Israel Want?

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

Israel has outlined the type of settlement it wants to end its military offensive in southern Lebanon. Comments made to US journalists Tuesday by the director general of Israel's Foreign Ministry, Uri Savir, indicated what he calls the beginning of the diplomatic effort to end the fighting.

Savir says the arrangement which brought relative calm to the Israel-Lebanon border for the last three years was too vague, and allowed for differences of interpretation and attacks on northern Israel which led to the current Israeli operation. He says Israel wants to change that through a new, stronger, long term accord.

Savir says Israel wants an end to rocket attacks on its northern communities and a clear recognition by Lebanon and Syria they cannot pursue peace with Israel and also allow Hizbullah to attack it.

Savir says if that is understood and agreed, the Israeli offensive can end and the peace process can resume.

French, Jordanian and Egyptian officials have been working to end the fighting, but Savir says the best chance for success lies with an ongoing behind-the-scenes effort by the United States, which mediated the previous agreement.

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