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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                       April 13, 1996 V4, #67
All the News the Big Guys Missed

Hizbullah-Israel Clashes Continue

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem), Edward Yeranian (VOA-Beirut)

Israeli warplanes expanded their strikes in southern and eastern Lebanon Sunday, and Hizbullah terrorists launched more Katyusha rockets into northern Israel, in their fourth day of fighting.

Israeli aircraft launched repeated assaults on suspected bases of the Hizbullah, and targeted a power station and their radio station as well. The attacks hit sites around the towns of Nabatiyeh and Tyre, as well as the suburbs of Beirut. Earlier, Israel had warned the residents of Tyre and 40 nearby villages to leave the area, potentially bringing to 400,000, the number of refugees created by the last four days of fighting.

Meanwhile, Katyusha rocket attacks continued Sunday, with several volleys landing in northern Israel, some in populated areas. Hizbullah announced it would try to launch Katyushas as far as the town of Safed, where Israel's Northern Military Command is located. At least one Katyusha fell short of the border, landing just outside a post of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Lebanon.

Israel says its offensive in Lebanon will continue until Hizbullah's ability to launch Katyushas is crippled.

Long lines of cars, trucks, and other vehicles loaded down with household belongings jammed the coastal highway leading out of Tyre. For its part, Hizbullah says it shot down an unmanned Israeli reconnaissance plane over the Bekaa Valley.

Lebanese army anti-aircraft gunners fired into the skies of Beirut repeatedly throughout the day, launching a hail of bullets at Israeli helicopters.

Israeli helicopter gunships succeeded in bombing an electrical substation in a Christian suburb of east Beirut. As conditions deteriorated, radio stations appealed for blood donations, and one hospital in the town of Nabatiyeh was reported to be running out of food.

Holocaust Memories Recalled

By Nancy Schwalje (VOA-New York)

A book has been published which combines vivid photos with powerful stories of survival.

"When they came to take my father," says Adolf Hager, recalling the night Nazi officers arrived in Vienna, "It was the fear of the unknown. My mother tried to tear my father out of the SS officer's grip, and he punched her in the stomach. But she didn't let go. So he hit her again and she had to let go, because the pain was too great."

That is one of the 46 brutal partings relived by writer Leora Kahn and photographer Mark Seliger as they researched their book, "When They Came to Take My Father -- Voices of the Holocaust." Yet the young authors say they found a positive side to the stories, a discovery of strength that enabled these survivors of Nazi persecution during World War 2 to overcome the unbearable.

"I guess the main focus when people think of survivors is that everybody was in camps, and you have kind of a destitute, sad feeling. And I think that our approach to the book was always very upbeat, it was about how people got through this atrocity and on top of that it gives you a little information about where they are now, which is a very positive note. So, it's overcoming your past, in a sense, as well," said Seliger.

Readers are drawn to the book's compelling photographic portraits and then become engrossed in the accompanying stories. A woman in a paint-splattered smock stares down at a recently created piece of modern art, while the adjacent text relates how she and her sister celebrated the sabbath by singing songs in a latrine at Auschwitz, the Nazi concentration camp. Another concentration camp survivor sits in a wheelchair, her brother standing and embracing her while both stare somberly at the reader. On the next page, both are smiling, next to a wry sign on the side of her chair: "Life is uncertain. Have dessert first."

Photographer Mark Seliger says his experience photographing survivor Dasha Rittenberg is an example of how the emotional nature of the topic helped him capture his subjects' character. After talking to her for about an hour, he recalls, he began taking pictures. As he was photographing her, she started to cry, but she did not ask him to stop and kept looking right at the camera.

"As she was looking, a tear fell. And I snapped that and I felt like I had captured the essence of this person...and also a certain part of the book, which is that these moments of the past are very, very, very difficult."

The experience was also emotional for Seliger and Kahn. While not children of Holocaust survivors, both had visited Auschwitz and felt that documenting the stories of the survivors was a personal quest, stemming from a desire to work on a project with a timeless quality. Kahn says this personal connection made it even more difficult for her to conduct the interviews for the book's narrative.

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