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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                     Oct. 18, 1995, V3, #188
All the News the Big Guys Missed

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Conditions Terrible at Libyan-Egyptian Border Camps

The UN Refugee Agency says conditions are deteriorating at an isolated desert camp on the Egyptian-Libyan border that houses as many as 1,000 Palestinians expelled by the Tripoli government over the past few weeks. The Geneva-based High Commissioner for Refugees hopes to resettle some of the Palestinians in third countries, but others have nowhere to go. Libya's leader Col. Muammar Gadhafi ordered all Palestinians out of the North African country at the beginning of last month to demonstrate what he calls the failure of the Israel/PLO peace accord.

Jewish Reaction to Farrakhan

By Imani Crosby (VOA-Washington)

One of the highlights of Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan's speech during the Million-Man-March in Washington Monday was his call for a dialogue between his American Muslim sect and Jewish leaders. Farrakhan has made comments Jews consider offensive and the American Jewish Community has remained cool to Farrakhan's offer.

American Jewish leaders said they are not impressed by Farrakhan's call for dialogue. Robert Rifkind is national president of the American Jewish Committee.

"There is no comparison. Blacks and Jews are citizens of America together. They've got to learn to live together, that's absolutely right. Mr. Farrakhan isn't the only channel of communication between blacks and Jews. We have useful, productive relations with the NAACP, the Urban League, with Mr. Price and many other organizations, and we continue to do so. This is not the sort of gentleman we want to talk to until he changes his views."

Rifkind said although Farrakhan made his offer to talk during a day of atonement, the Jewish leader said he did not hear any atonement on the part of the Muslim leader during his speech at the Million Man March.

Farrakhan, leader of the "Nation of Islam" sect, has accused Jews of participating in the slave trade during the days of slavery in America. He has also referred to American Jews as "bloodsuckers," accusing them of controlling businesses in African American neighborhoods.

In his speech to the rally Monday, Farrakhan said he did not like his squabble with members of the Jewish community and suggested it was not impossible to resolve their differences. "And I guess, if, you could sit down with Arafat, with the rivers of blood between you, why can't you sit down with us, and, there's no blood between us."

But in comments later during a broadcast interview after the rally, Farrakhan said he would only apologize for his past comments on Jews if he is proven wrong.

Army will Have Free Hand in Lebanon

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

Israel's Cabinet announced Tuesday it would give the Israeli army a freer hand in dealing with guerrillas in southern Lebanon, after two recent deadly attacks on Israeli soldiers.

With six funerals scheduled in various parts of the country Tuesday for the soldiers killed Sunday, the Cabinet voted to give the army and its Lebanese allies what it called -- the freedom of activity needed -- to deal with the guerrillas. A Cabinet statement also criticized Iran and Syria for supporting the guerrillas of the Hizbullah movement.

Cabinet members emerging from the meeting indicated a strong military response is needed to Sunday's attack, and another last Thursday which killed three Israeli soldiers. But the ministers also indicated a large-scale offensive is not likely. They spoke of limited options, and the desire not to escalate the fighting to the point where Hizbullah shoots missiles into northern Israel.

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin told Israel Radio the army will strike any place in Lebanon to fight Hizbullah, and will not be limited by any desire to avoid creating further problems in stalled peace talks with Syria.

Rabin accused Syria of actively helping Hizbullah, and of aiding the violent Palestinian groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad. The prime minister said such activities appear to be aimed at forcing concessions from Israel, but he said they will have the opposite effect.

Israel controls a strip of territory in southern Lebanon along the Israeli border. It works with the largely-Christian militia called the South Lebanon Army against the largely Islamic Hizbullah guerrillas.

Working from territory farther north, controlled by Syria, Hizbullah frequently sets off road-side bombs, such as the two in the past week. Israel says it needs to maintain control of the border area in order to prevent such attacks inside Israel itself.

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