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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                      Oct. 17, 1995, V3, #187
All the News the Big Guys Missed

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Rabin Plans for Response to Hizbullah

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

Israel's prime minister visited southern Lebanon on Monday -- his third such trip in the past five days -- to meet with Israel's main Christian Lebanese ally as plans are made for a response to an increase in attacks by Iranian-backed guerrillas.

According to local reporters, Rabin met with Gen. Antoine Lahad, the leader of the South Lebanese Army, the Christian militia which works with Israeli forces in the area fighting against the Hizbullah movement, supported by Iran and Syria.

Lahad said afterwards they had exchanged views on the escalation in

Hizbullah attacks in recent days, which have killed nine Israeli
soldiers.  Rabin made  no  comment.  He also visited the area after
the two attacks on Thursday and Sunday.

The prime minister has called an emergency Cabinet meeting for today to discuss possible retaliation. There have been demands for a large-scale attack. But some officials say a diplomatic approach focused on Syria would be more effective. Peace talks with Syria are stalled and many Israelis believe the increase in Hizbullah attacks is an effort to put pressure on Israel in those negotiations.

Hebron Will be Returned to Palestinians Early

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

Israel and the Palestinian Autonomy Authority have announced that the West Bank city of Hebron -- a center of radicalism among both Palestinians and Israelis -- will be included in their accelerated withdrawal schedule. Under the revised schedule, Israel will hand over to the Palestinian Authority control over much of the West Bank by the end of the year.

According to Israel Radio and a source at Palestinian Authority headquarters in Gaza, the withdrawal from Hebron will begin Dec. 10, rather than sometime next March as had been planned.

A Palestinian source in Gaza, who requested anonymity, says the idea is to have Israeli troops out of at least part of the city in time for the Palestinian election campaign and voting. The source says there will be special arrangements for voting by Hebron residents in parts of the city where Israeli troops will remain.

In addition, the source and Israel Radio report the Israeli withdrawal from the historically Christian city of Bethlehem will be completed by Dec. 21, In time for Christmas celebrations. Details of the withdrawals from other cities have also emerged, with Israel planning to take three weeks or more to withdraw from some cities and their surrounding villages, including the first one, Jenin, starting on Wednesday of next week.

The Israeli withdrawal is to be completed by Dec. 31, So the Palestinians can have a three-week election campaign, followed by their first elections, tentatively scheduled for Jan. 22.

The Origin of the Nation of Islam

By Rashidah Hasan (VOA-Washington)

During the early 1900s, the laws in America supporting racial segregation and unequal access to education and employment gave rise to black nationalist movements. Many blacks in America found these organizations addressed their political, economic, spiritual and social needs. The Nation of Islam, which is today led by Minister Louis Farrakhan, is the largest and most economically successful black nationalist group.

Since the advent of slavery in the U.S., the black Christian church has been viewed as the cornerstone of the African-American community. However, for blacks who rejected Christian doctrine and for others who demanded redress for the disparate treatment of African-Americans, black nationalist movements provided leadership and direction.

Early black nationalist leaders included Marcus Garvey and Noble Drew Ali who began their work by proclaiming a pro-ethnic, self-help doctrine to mostly poor, inner-city residents. In 1930, an immigrant peddler -- W. Fard Muhammad -- formed yet another nationalist movement in Detroit called "The Lost-Found Nation of Islam." Fard's message was similar to that of Ali's. It is said that he taught the religion of Islam to a young student, Elijah Poole, who succeeded Fard, but Fard disappeared in 1934.

Elijah Poole was accused of responsibility for Fard's disappearance. After receiving death threats he fled to Chicago where he established a headquarters. He later spent time in prison for failing to register for the draft. Elijah and his followers opened businesses in poor neighborhoods and established schools. Elijah's followers included a small army of men known as the Fruit of Islam (FOI) and women called "Vanguards."

Unlike his predecessors, Elijah provided structure to his organization. Elijah (who had changed his family name to Muhammad) blended his economic achievements with teaching of his religious doctrine. Although called Islam, the Elijah doctorine differs sharply from the most fundamental elements of the Islamic religion practiced by Muslims throughout the world.

The Nation of Islam's adherents claim that Fard is God incarnate and that Elijah Muhammad is the messenger of God. The organization teaches racial segregation, economic and social self-sufficiency and strict dietary laws. When Elijah Muhammad died Feb. 25, 1975, his organization was more divided but it had grown to more than 800,000 members.

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