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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                      May 5, 1995, V3, #83
All the News the Big Guys Missed

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Muslim Poll: Americans' Support of Israel is Down

By David Gollust (Washington)

A new nationwide opinion poll released Thursday indicates an erosion in public support in the United States for key participants in the Middle East peace process -- along with declining support for American aid to those countries. The survey commissioned by a London-based Arabic newspaper, also suggests a somewhat more favorable US public attitude toward Muslims.

The survey conducted for the London Arabic-language newspaper "Asharq al Awsat" suggests that Americans are becoming impatient with the pace of the Middle East peace process.

The figures from the random telephone survey of more than 1,000 Americans in mid-April suggest a significant decline in the public standing of Israel, Egypt and Jordan, from a similar reading taken in late 1992 amid negotiating breakthroughs.

Forty-nine percent of those questioned in the new poll had a favorable opinion of Israel, compared to 61 percent in 1992. Egypt's favorable rating was 45 percent -- down from 64 percent three years ago.

There was little change in the roughly 20 percent of respondents who held negative views of Israel and Egypt, but many more were neutral in the new poll.

Despite its peace treaty with Israel, Jordan was viewed unfavorably by 34 percent compared to 22 percent who viewed it favorably -- suggesting lingering unhappiness with Amman among Americans for its perceived tilt toward Iraq in the Gulf war.

John Zogby, a New York pollster who conducted the surveys, says Americans now have diminished expectations about what can be achieved in the Middle East: "The peace process raised expectations. A series of bad news, a series of bombings have led to, on the part of the American people, dashed expectations. And with those dashed expectations, a tendency then to have a lower estimation of Israel -- but also of Jordan and also of the need for US support for a Palestinian state."

Those voicing support for Palestinian statehood fell to 29 percent in the new poll, from 42 percent in the 1992 reading. About half of the respondents said US aid to key Middle East states should be reduced.

The survey indicated that a sizeable plurality of Americans held a positive view of Muslims -- and respondents, by a 2-1 margin, believe there is a tendency to discriminate against Muslims in US society.

.By coincidence, the week-long polling began April 19 -- the day of the terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City. The survey organizers said the daily trackings showed a steady increase in positive attitudes toward Islam, as it became clear that the culprits in the bombing were not Arabs or Muslims.

In another development in Washington, major Arab-American and Jewish organizations issued an unusual joint statement condemning terrorist acts -- and rejecting stereotyping and discrimination based on acts of individual members or religious and ethnic groups.

The declaration by the National Association of Arab Americans and the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council also said that US constitutional safeguards for civil liberties must be respected in any new anti-terrorism legislation from Congress.

US Arab groups have bitterly criticized draft legislation, saying its provisions would target their community for discrimination and political persecution.

Declaration of israel's independence

Issued at Tel Aviv on May 14, 1948 (5th of Iyar, 5708)

The land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and national identity was formed. Here they achieved independence and created a culture of national and universal significance. Here they wrote and gave the Bible to the world.

Exiled from Palestine, the Jewish people remained faithful to it in all the countries of their dispersion, never ceasing to pray and hope for their return and the restoration of their national freedom.

Impelled by this historic association, Jews strove throughout the centuries to go back to the land of their fathers and regain their ~statehood. In recent decades they returned in masses. They reclaimed the wilderness, revived their language, built cities and villages and established a vigorous and ever-growing community with its own economic and cultural life. They sought peace yet were ever prepared to defend themselves. They brought the blessing of progress to all inhabitants of the country.

In the year 1897 the First Zionist Congress, inspired by Theodor Herzl's vision of the Jewish State, proclaimed the right of the Jewish people to national revival in their own country.

This right was acknowledged by the Balfour Declaration of November 2, 1917, and re-affirmed by the Mandate of the League of Nations, which gave explicit international recognition to the historic connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and their right to reconstitute their National Home.

The Nazi Holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations.

The survivors of the European catastrophe, as well as Jews from other lands, proclaiming their right to a life of dignity, freedom and labor, and undeterred by hazards, hardships and obstacles, have tried unceasingly to enter Palestine.

In the Second World War the Jewish people in Palestine made a full contribution in the struggle of the freedom-loving nations against the Nazi evil. The sacrifices of their soldiers and the efforts of their workers gained them title to rank with the peoples who founded the United Nations.

On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a Resolution for the establishment of an independent Jewish State in Palestine, and called upon the inhabitants of the country to take such steps as may be necessary on their part to put the plan into effect.

This recognition by the United Nations of the right of the Jewish people to establish their independent State may not be revoked. It is, moreover, the self-evident right of the Jewish people to be a nation, as all other nations, in its own sovereign State.

ACCORDINGLY, WE, the members of the National Council, representing the Jewish people in Palestine and the Zionist movement of the world, met together in solemn assembly today, the day of the termination of the British mandate for Palestine, by virtue of the natural and historic right of the Jewish and of the Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations,

HEREBY PROCLAIM the establishment of the Jewish State in Palestine, to be called ISRAEL.

WE HEREBY DECLARE that as from the termination of the Mandate at midnight, this night of the 14th and 15th May, 1948, and until the setting up of the duly elected bodies of the State in accordance with a Constitution, to be drawn up by a Constituent Assembly not later than the first day of October, 1948, the present National Council shall act as the provisional administration, shall constitute the Provisional Government of the State of Israel. THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open to the immigration of Jews from all countries of their dispersion; will promote the development of the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants; will be based on the precepts of liberty, justice and peace taught by the Hebrew Prophets; will uphold the full social and political equality of all its citizens, without distinction of race, creed or sex; will guarantee full freedom of conscience, worship, education and culture; will safeguard the sanctity and inviolability of the shrines and Holy Places of all religions; and will dedicate itself to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be ready to cooperate with the organs and representatives of the United Nations in the implementation of the Resolution of the Assembly of November 29, 1947, and will take steps to bring about the Economic Union over the whole of Palestine.

We appeal to the United Nations to assist the Jewish people in the building of its State and to admit Israel into the family of nations.

In the midst of wanton aggression, we yet call upon the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to return to the ways of peace and play their part in the development of the State, with full and equal citizenship and due representation in its bodies and institutions - provisional or permanent.

We offer peace and unity to all the neighboring states and their peoples, and invite them to cooperate with the independent Jewish nation for the common good of all.

Our call goes out the Jewish people all over the world to rally to our side in the task of immigration and development and to stand by us in the great struggle for the fulfillment of the dream of generations - the redemption of Israel.

With trust in Almighty God, we set our hand to this Declaration, at this Session of the Provisional State Council, in the city of Tel Aviv, on this Sabbath eve, the fifth of Iyar, 5708, the fourteenth day of May, 1948.

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